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Philippine Islands

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Island Group Luzon
Region Cagayan Valley
Capital Cabarroguis
Area 2,323.47 km²
Cities 0
Municipalities 6
- Total 397,837
- Density/km² 171.23
Income class 3
Location in the Philippines:


Quirino is a province of the Philippines located in the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon. The province was named after Elpidio Quirino, the sixth President of the Philippines. It is subdivided into 6 municipalities and 132 barangays with Cabarroguis as the provincial capital. Quirino borders the province of Aurora to the southeast, Nueva Vizcaya to the west, and Isabela to the north.

Quirino lies in the southeastern portion of Cagayan Valley. It is situated within the upper portion of Cagayan River basin. The province is generally mountainous, with about 80 percent of the total land area covered by mountains and highlands. The natural barriers of the province are the Sierra Madre mountain range in the eastern part and the Mamparang Range in the western part.

Long before its formal creation as an independent province, Quirino was the forest region of the province of Nueva Vizcaya. It was inhabited by tribal groups known as Negritos. They roamed the hinterlands and built their huts at the heart of the jungle. In 1971, Quirino was separated from its mother province, Nueva Vizcaya, thereby constituting an independent province.

The major language in the province is Ilocano, which is widely spoken in the lowlands by about 71.46 percent of the total population. Ifugao, on the other hand is predominant in the uplands. Other languages are Bungkalot, Pangasinense and Kankanai.

The main industry in Quirino is agriculture, with rice and corn as the major crops. These supply the demand of neighboring provinces and metropolis. Bananas, as well as banana chips, are major products sold in Metro Manila and Pampanga. Small scale industries like furniture making, basketry, rattan craft and dried flower production are prevalent in the province.

Quirino is almost invisible in major tourist maps but this quiet province is actually packed with souvenir-worthy products. If you are looking for native delicacies, visit the municipality of Saguday and have a taste of their Kamias prunes, tamarind candy, peanut products and ginger tea. For bigger-item buys, try one of Quirino’s bigger industries – wooden furniture for office and home use.

If you want to commune with nature, you may visit the town of Madella and see its seven emerald waterfalls. When you reach the 5th waterfall, you’ll find a stunning view of the Sierra Madre mountains. The Aglipay Caves and Provincial Forest Park contains a series of 38 caves, seven of which have been developed as tourist spots. The caves interlink with each other and run to a depth of about 20 meters. The place is recommended for camping activities and outdoor functions especially for big groups.

For those looking for outdoor activities, you may visit the Bimmapor Rock Formations in the town of Nagtipunan. The area is recommended for rock climbing trekking, swimming, rafting, excursion and fishing. The Governor Rapids is also famous for its gigantic perpendicular walls of limestone and its swift turbulent deep blue waters. The place is a perfect venue for kayaking, white river rafting, swimming and fishing.

The most populous cities and municipalities in Quirino are:

City/Municipality City class Area
in km²
Urbanisation Population
Total Density/km²
Diffun Municipality 320.10 2 partly urban 42,958 134.20
Maddela Municipality 918.57 1 partly urban 33,637 36.62
Cabarroguis Municipality 260.20 3 partly urban 28,024 107.70
Aglipay Municipality 161.70 3 partly urban 25,069 155.03
Nagtipunan Municipality 607.40 1 partly urban 20,443 33.66
Saguday Municipality 55.50 5 partly urban 13,479 242.86

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