Quezon City is a philippine highly urbanized city in Second District in Region National Capital Region
which belongs to the Luzon group
of islands. The highly urbanized city Quezon City is seated about 8 km north-east of Philippine main capital Manila.
Quezon City is the former capital (1948-1976) and the most populous city in the Philippines. Its total population is 2,679,450 as of 2007 and has a total of 142 barangays. The city was named after Manuel L. Quezon, the former president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines who founded the city and developed it to replace Manila as the country’s capital. Quezon City is not located in Region IV and should not be confused with Quezon province, which was also named after the president. Quezon City is located in the island of Luzon. It is one of the cities and municipalities that make up the National Capital Region.
Since it was the former capital, many government offices are located in Quezon City, including the Batasang Pambansa Complex, the seat of the House of Representatives, which is the lower chamber in the Philippine Congress. The main campuses of two noteworthy universities, the Ateneo de Manila University and the country’s National University-the University of the Philippines Diliman-are located in the city.
Quezon City is divided into a number of areas. The northern half of the city is called Novaliches and contains the areas of Fairview and Lagro while the southern portion of the city is divided into a number of places including Diliman, Commonwealth, the Project Areas, Cubao, Kamias, Kamuning, New Manila, San Francisco del Monte and Sta. Mesa Heights. Most of these areas are primarily residential in nature.
In the early 20th century, President Manuel L. Quezon, dreamt of a city that would become the future capital of the country, replacing Manila, and home to several middle workers. It is believed that his earlier trip to Mexico influenced his vision. In 1938, President Quezon purchased 15.29 km² from the vast Diliman estate of the Tuason family and created People’s Homesite Corporation. In 1938 President Manuel L. Quezon made a decision to push for a new capital city. Manila was getting crowded and his military advisors told him that Manila, being by the bay, was an easy target for bombardment by naval guns in case of attack and that possibility was high in the pre war years of the late ’30s.
Nevertheless, Quezon railroaded the idea of a totally new city at least 15 kilometers away from Manila Bay (beyond the reach of naval guns). He contacted William E. Parsons, American architect and planner, who had been the consulting architect for the islands early in the American colonial period. Parsons came over in the summer of 1939 and helped select the Diliman (Tuason) estate as the site for the new city.
Administratively the Highly Urbanized City of Quezon City is subdivided into 142 barangays. The most populous are
Mangga, Bayanihan, Quirino 3-A, Blue Ridge B, Damar, Dioquino Zobel, Blue Ridge A, Escopa II, Escopa IV, Old Capitol Site, Nayong Kanluran, Tagumpay, Saint Ignatius, Villa Maria Clara, Escopa I.
Among the bigger cities and municipalities in the neighborhood of Quezon City there are City Of Manila (First District) 7 km south-south-west, City Of Pasig 8 km south-south-east, City Of Antipolo (Rizal) 14 km east-south-east, Caloocan City (Third District) 8 km west, City Of Valenzuela (Third District) 10 km west-north-west, Taguig City (Fourth District) 11 km south-south-east, City Of Muntinlupa (Fourth District) 29 km south, City Of Dasmariñas (Cavite) 39 km south-south-west, City Of Parañaque (Fourth District) 17 km south-south-west as well as 9 km south-south-west of Quezon City the highly urbanized city City Of Makati (Fourth District).