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Philippine Islands

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National Capital Region
Island Group Luzon
Area 638.55 km²
- Total 11,553,427
- Density/km² 18,093.22
Provinces 0
Cities 16
Municipalities 0
Barangays 798
Location in the Philippines:

National Capital Region

Metro Manila, otherwise known as National Capital Region, is the center of Luzon and the capital region of the Philippines. Unlike the other 17 Philippine regions, NCR does not have any provinces. It is composed of 16 cities – namely the City of Manila itself, Caloocan, Las Pinas, Makati, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Navotas, Pasay, Pasig, Paranaque, Quezon City, San Juan, Taguig, Valenzuela – and the municipality of Pateros. Metro Manila is bounded by the Cordillera Mountains on the east, Laguna de Bay on the southeast, Central Luzon on the north and Southern Tagalog Region on the south.

Metro Manila is composed of almost all the cultural groups of the Philippines. The primary language used is Tagalog with English as the secondary language. Metro Manila lies entirely within the tropics and because of its proximity to the equator, the temperature range is very small. It has a distinct, relatively short dry season from January through April and a long wet season from May through December.

The region is considered as the political, economic, social, and cultural center of the Philippines and is one of the more modern metropolises in Southeast Asia. According to Presidential Decree No. 940, Metro Manila is the Philippines’ seat of government but the City of Manila is the capital. The Malacanan Palace, the official office and residence of the President of the Philippines, and the buildings of the Supreme Court of the Philippines are based in Metro Manila.

Metro Manila is the shopping center of the Philippines. Three “megamalls” are located in this region and these are SM Mall of Asia, SM Megamall and SM City North Edsa which is the 2nd largest mall in the world. Makati is regarded as the main central business district of Metro Manila while Ortigas City is the second most important business district in Metro Manila.

Metro Manila is a place of economic extremes. Many high-income citizens live in exclusive communities such as Forbes Park in Makati and Ayala Alabang in Muntinlupa. In contrast to these residences are the slums and illegal settlement scattered across the metropolitan area and are often found in vacant government land or in districts such as Tondo.

Metro Manila is rich in historical landmarks and recreational areas. Located west of Metro Manila is the famous Rizal Park, also known as the Luneta Park. Rizal Park features the Rizal Monument, a statue of the Philippine National Hero, Dr. Jose P. Rizal. Near Rizal Park is the 400-year-old Imperial City known as Intramuros, a walled domain which was once the seat of government during the Spanish Colonial Era and American Period.

In terms of educational institutions, there are 511 elementary schools and 220 secondary schools in Metro Manila. There are around 81 colleges and universities, thus it is considered as the educational center of the country. Many students from all parts of the Philippines head to Metro Manila to study.

The most populous cities and municipalities in National Capital Region are:

City/Municipality Province Area
in km²
Quezon City Second District 166.20 2,679,450 16,121.80
City Of Manila First District 38.55 1,660,714 43,079.48
Caloocan City Third District 53.33 1,378,856 25,855.20
City Of Pasig Second District 48.46 617,301 12,738.36
Taguig City Fourth District 45.21 613,343 13,566.53
City Of Valenzuela Third District 47.02 568,928 12,099.70
City Of Parañaque Fourth District 46.57 552,660 11,867.30
City Of Las Piñas Fourth District 32.69 532,330 16,284.18
City Of Makati Fourth District 21.57 510,383 23,661.71
City Of Muntinlupa Fourth District 39.75 452,943 11,394.79

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