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Mountain Province
Island Group Luzon
Region Cordillera Administrative Region
Capital Bontoc
Area 2,157.38 km²
Cities 0
Municipalities 10
- Total 148,661
- Density/km² 68.91
Income class 4
Location in the Philippines:

Mountain Province

Mountain Province is a landlocked province of the Philippines which belongs to the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) in Luzon. It lies in the heart of the Grand Cordillera which is known to be Philippines’ biggest and highest chain of mountains. Thus, the province was formerly dubbed as "La Montanosa" by Spanish administrators because of its mountainous terrain.

Mountain Province is subdivided into 10 municipalities and 144 barangays with the municipality of Bontoc as the capital. It is classified as a 4th class province. It is bounded on the north by Kalinga, on the south by Benguet and Ifugao, on the east by Isabela, and on the west by Ilocos Sur and Abra.

Mountain Province has two seasons - dry from November to April and wet for the rest of the year. It has short dry season which lasts only from 1 to 3 months and its maximum rain periods are not very pronounced.

Agriculture is the main source of income for the province but the tourism industry also provides a significant boost to its economy. The furniture industry is also a growing enterprise in the province. These furniture and fixtures are made from raw materials like pinewood, bamboo and steel.

Mountain Province is tagged as "Weaver’s Paradise" because of the different weaving centers that create unique designs which indicate the province’s cultural heritage. Various woven materials like knapsacks, bags, purses, placemats, linen, belts, blankets and native costumes are being made in these different weaving houses.

Mountain Province is considered to be one of the most interesting places to explore these days, not only because of its spectacular sights but also because of the culture and tradition of its people which remained intact despite of Spanish and American influences. When you are in Mountain Province, you will have a clear and serene view of the mountains, smell the fresh air sweetly scented by pine trees, be captivated by the colourful woven native costumes and see one of the most sought after tourist attractions which is the hanging coffins.

Nature loving tourists will surely be awed by the Rice Terraces which were reputed to be hand made by the Igorots many centuries ago from rocks and mud that were hauled from river beds. This favourite tourist destination is considered as the 8th wonder of the world.

Mountain Province, just like any province in the Philippines, has its own share of festivals. The most celebrated is the weeklong Lang-ay Festival which features street dancing competition, agro-industrial fairs, sports competitions and indigenous games like pounding rice competition.

The most populous cities and municipalities in Mountain Province are:

City/Municipality City class Area
in km²
Urbanisation Population
Total Density/km²
Bauko Municipality 153.00 4 rural 29,382 192.04
Bontoc Municipality 396.10 2 partly urban 24,798 62.61
Paracelis Municipality 570.16 2 partly urban 24,705 43.33
Tadian Municipality 145.20 4 partly urban 17,148 118.10
Sagada Municipality 83.32 5 partly urban 10,930 131.18
Sadanga Municipality 83.30 5 rural 9,706 116.52
Natonin Municipality 252.00 4 rural 9,431 37.42
Sabangan Municipality 72.04 5 partly urban 9,098 126.29
Besao Municipality 173.62 5 partly urban 7,295 42.02
Barlig Municipality 228.64 5 rural 6,168 26.98

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