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Misamis Oriental
Island Group Mindanao
Region Northern Mindanao
Capital Cagayan de Oro City
Area 3,544.32 km²
Cities 3
Municipalities 23
- Total 748,885
- Density/km² 211.29
Income class 1
Location in the Philippines:

Misamis Oriental

Located in the Northern Mindanao region, Misamis Oriental is a province of the Philippines which is subdivided into 23 municipalities and 2 cities. Cagayan de Oro City, the provincial capital, is a highly-urbanized city that governs itself independently from the province. The province is bordered by the province of Bukidnon to the south, Agusan del Norte to the east and Lanao del Norte to the west. On the north lies the island province of Camiguin.

Two types of climates exist in the province which is based on rainfall distribution. The first type has a very pronounced maximum rainfall from November to January and generally wet the whole year. The second type, which occurs in the central and western part of the province, is relatively dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year. In general, the province has a pleasant climate with warmer days and cooler nights.

Misamis Oriental is an economic powerhouse in the south. It is host to different types of industries such as agricultural, forest, steel, metal, chemical, mineral, rubber and food processing. It is home to the 3000-hectare PHIVIDEC Industrial Estate wherein various industries are located. Cagayan de Oro City is the site of the world’s largest pineapple cannery, the Del Monte Philippines.

Nature lovers and adventure seekers will surely love the province of Misamis Oriental. From water sports and fine beaches to cave exploration, one will never ran out of things to do and places to explore. You may go scuba diving at Duka Bay Resort and Mantangale Alibuag Dive Resort. These resorts are also primary dolphin and whale shark watching destinations. You may also visit the white sand beaches of Midway Beach, Maputi White Beach and Opol Beach Fronts. Wherever you go around, there are terrific swim and snorkel spots.

A very famous outdoor activity that you should not miss when you visit Misamis Oriental is the white water rafting and tubing in the rapids of Cagayan de Oro River, one of the longest rivers in Mindanao. The jump-off point of the activity is at Barangay Mambuaya, about 30-40 minute ride from the city proper. Fresh and clean water and fresh air can be expected from the starting point up to the finish.

If you want to stay inland, there are a lot of places that you can visit too. The Gardens of Malasag Eco-Tourism Village is worth your time. It is a cultural village in a botanical setting. Here, you can learn about the different tribal cultures because it is home to Region 10’s tribal communities and endemic plants and trees.

If you want to shift to a more relaxed pace, you may visit the Pueblo de Oro Golf and Country Club situated along Lumbia Road in Cagayan de Oro City. Or explore the city’s museums, from the Xavier University Museum showcasing Muslim-Bukidnon culture to the La Castilla Museum featuring household heirlooms.

The most populous cities and municipalities in Misamis Oriental are:

City/Municipality City class Area
in km²
Urbanisation Population
Total Density/km²
Cagayan De Oro City Highly Urbanized City 412.80 1 urban 553,966 1,341.97
Gingoog City Component City 568.44 2 partly urban 112,247 197.46
Balingasag Municipality 147.11 2 partly urban 57,765 392.67
Tagoloan Municipality 117.73 1 partly urban 56,499 479.90
Opol Municipality 175.13 2 partly urban 47,187 269.44
Jasaan Municipality 77.02 2 partly urban 45,310 588.29
Claveria Municipality 579.63 1 rural 43,514 75.07
City Of El Salvador Component City 106.15 0 partly urban 41,905 394.77
Initao Municipality 111.27 3 partly urban 29,624 266.24
Villanueva Municipality 48.80 2 rural 29,315 600.72

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