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Philippine Islands

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Island Group Luzon
Region Bicol Region
Capital City Of Masbate
Area 4,151.78 km²
Cities 1
Municipalities 20
- Total 768,939
- Density/km² 185.21
Income class 1
Location in the Philippines:


Masbate is an island province located in the Bicol Region and lies at the center of the Philippine archipelago. It consists of three major islands: Masbate, Ticao and Burias. The province is subdivided into 20 municipalities and 1 city which is Masbate City, the provincial capital. Masbate is bounded on the north by Burias and Ticao Pass, on the east by San Bernardino Strait, on the south by the Visayan Sea and on the west by the Sibuyan Sea.

The people of Masbate predominantly speak Bisakol and Masbateño or Minasbate, a dialect unique to the province. Some Visayan languages with a unique mixture of Tagalog and some shades of Hiligaynon are also spoken in the province. In Burias Island, the people speak Bicol similar to that of the people of Camarines Sur, due to the island’s proximity to Bicol mainland. The people generally speak fluent English and Filipino.

About 85% of Masbate’s populations are Catholics. Devotional practices such as the rosary, novenas to saints, and other religious manifestations such as processions, the misa de gallo and Holy Week traditional activities are still very much part of the way of life of most parishioners of the province.

Masbate is classified as a first class province. It is endowed with rich natural resources. In line with its agriculture are industries such as large farming, livestock and poultry raising. Fishing predominates along its coastal areas where all kinds of commercial species of fish swarm in great abundance. Copra is the leading product, followed by rice, corn and rootcrops. Cottage industry, such as furniture and cabinet making, ceramics, garments, handicrafts and metalcrafts, is likewise another source of livelihood for the people.

The province is one of the richest in the country in terms of mineral resources. It is described by geologists as a province sitting on a “pot of gold.” Mineral resources found in the area include copper, silver, iron, manganese, chromite, limestone, guano and carbon.

Masbate is one of the hidden treasures of the Philippines with its undisturbed natural reefs and resorts. Many tourists visit the province and experience the hidden beauty of the natural white sand beaches and clear blue water. There are many beach resorts near Masbate City and Ticao Island. It is truly a tropical paradise for tourist looking for scenic sunsets and tropical gardens and waterfalls.

The most populous cities and municipalities in Masbate are:

City/Municipality City class Area
in km²
Urbanisation Population
Total Density/km²
City Of Masbate Component City 188.00 4 partly urban 81,585 433.96
Aroroy Municipality 440.30 1 partly urban 62,635 142.26
Cawayan Municipality 260.19 2 partly urban 59,658 229.29
Uson Municipality 163.20 3 partly urban 50,404 308.85
Cataingan Municipality 191.64 2 partly urban 48,827 254.79
Placer Municipality 193.03 2 partly urban 48,469 251.10
Milagros Municipality 565.30 1 partly urban 48,185 85.24
San Pascual Municipality 246.65 3 partly urban 41,736 169.21
Claveria Municipality 182.98 3 partly urban 40,336 220.44
Mandaon Municipality 280.80 3 partly urban 34,401 122.51

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