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Philippine Islands

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Island Group Luzon
Capital Santa Cruz
Area 1,917.85 km²
Cities 4
Municipalities 26
- Total 2,473,530
- Density/km² 1,289.74
Income class 1
Location in the Philippines:


Located in the CALABARZON region in Luzon, Laguna is notable for being the birthplace of Jose Rizal, the country’s national hero. The province is subdivided into 26 municipalities and 4 cities. Santa Cruz is the provincial capital. Laguna lies in the southern shores of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country. In the southern border of Laguna are Mt. Makiling and Mt. Banahaw, both are long dormant volcanoes but are still sources of geothermal energy.

Laguna got its name from the Spanish word lago, which means lake or lagoon because the province completely surrounds Laguna de Bay. In 1571, Spanish-Mexican soldiers and many Visayan allies conquered the province and its surrounding regions for Spain. In 1578, Franciscan missionaries started evangelizing Laguna.

The natives of the province proved loyal to the Spanish crown but their loyalty gradually deteriorated into bitter hostility because of the grave abuses by the colonizers especially those of the clergy. Towards the end of the century, the persecution of Jose Rizal and his family aggravated the situation and caused thousands of inhabitants to join the revolutionary Katipunan. Laguna was one of the eight provinces to first revolt against Spanish misrule. The province was cleared of Spaniards when the last Spanish garrison surrendered to the victorious patriots in Santa Cruz on August 31, 1898.

Laguna is endowed with abundant natural resources. Their forests are filled with bamboo, rattan and hardwood. Its vast fields are ideal for growing rice, coconuts, vegetables, tropical fruits, orchids, and other ornamental flowers and exotic plants. The province is also rich in mineral resources such as clay, jasper and basalt glass. In the forests of Mount Makiling and in the waters of Laguna de Bay exists an abundance of flora and fauna.

Laguna’s greatest natural resource is water. There are about forty rivers in Laguna and an estimated 300 million US gallons of underground water, capable of generating energy for Laguna’s expanding power needs.

Laguna is famous among tourists for the Pagsanjan Falls, the University of the Philippines Campus and the hot spring resorts in Los Baños in the slopes of Mount Makiling. Other famous attractions in the province are the Pila Town Plaza, Taytay Falls, Majayjay, the wood carvings and papier mache created by the people of Paete, the turumba of Pakil, the Seven Lakes of San Pablo City and the Hidden Valley Springs in Calauan.

The most populous cities and municipalities in Laguna are:

City/Municipality City class Area
in km²
Urbanisation Population
Total Density/km²
City Of Calamba Component City 149.50 1 urban 360,281 2,409.91
San Pedro Component City 24.05 1 urban 281,808 11,717.59
City Of Santa Rosa Component City 54.84 1 urban 266,943 4,867.67
City Of Biñan Component City 43.50 1 urban 262,735 6,039.89
San Pablo City Component City 197.56 1 urban 237,259 1,200.95
Cabuyao Municipality 43.30 1 urban 205,376 4,743.09
Santa Cruz Municipality 38.59 1 urban 101,914 2,640.94
Los Baños Municipality 54.22 1 urban 98,631 1,819.09
Nagcarlan Municipality 78.10 2 partly urban 57,070 730.73
Calauan Municipality 65.40 2 partly urban 54,248 829.48

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