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Island Group Luzon
Region Cordillera Administrative Region
Capital City Of Tabuk
Area 3,231.25 km²
Cities 1
Municipalities 7
- Total 182,326
- Density/km² 56.43
Income class 3
Location in the Philippines:


Kalinga is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Cordillera Administrative region in Luzon. The province consists of 1 city and 7 municipalities. Tabuk is the provincial capital which was proclaimed as a component city in 2007. But in November 2008, the Supreme Court of the Philippines ruled that its cityhood was unconstitutional. However, Tabuk had its city status reinstated by the Supreme Court on December 22, 2009.

Kalinga borders Mountain Province to the south, Abra to the west, Isabela to the east, Cagayan to the northeast, and Apayao to the north. The topography of the province is rugged and sloping with mountain peaks ranging from 1,500 to 2,500 meters in height. Large portion of the lower regions of the province are open grassland suitable for pasture, but the highlands have extensive areas of tropical rainforest.

About 24% of the populations of the province are Kalinga and Ilocanos. Other ethnic groups living in the province are the Kankana-ey which is about 2.5%, Ibontoc with 1.6%, Tagalog with 1.3% and Applai with 1%.

Prior to 1995, Kalinga and Apayao used to be a single province named Kalinga-Apayao. But because of the many sub tribes in the province, their strong sense of tribal membership and filial loyalty resulted to frequent tribal unrest and an occasional outright war. This prompted the separation of Kalinga-Apayao into two provinces.

Due to the mountainous terrain and warrior culture of the people, the Kalingas were able to maintain their culture despite the attempted occupation of the Spaniards, Japanese and Americans. The people of Kalinga are the most extensive rice farmers of the Cordillera, having been blessed with some of the most suitable land for both dry and wet rice farming. They are one of the most extensive rice terrace builders in the country. They are also skilled potters and excellent in basket and loom weaving.

With Kalinga’s elevation of 300 to 5,000 feet above sea level and a north-south span of mountain ranges within the Cordillera Central, Kalinga is dubbed as the “Prince of the Highlands.” The best time for tourists to visit the province is during November to April. This is a good time to experience the Chico River whitewater rafting, a 4-hour exasperating challenge on the Chico rapids. There are many rice farms in Kalinga Province, including some rice terraces built on the mountains. Trekking tours are offered through the terraces and provide stunning views of the surrounding landscape.

The most populous cities and municipalities in Kalinga are:

City/Municipality City class Area
in km²
Urbanisation Population
Total Density/km²
City Of Tabuk Component City 700.25 0 partly urban 87,912 125.54
Pinukpuk Municipality 743.56 1 partly urban 27,783 37.36
Rizal (Liwan) Municipality 231.00 4 partly urban 14,614 63.26
Balbalan Municipality 542.69 3 partly urban 12,012 22.13
Tinglayan Municipality 283.00 4 partly urban 11,619 41.06
Lubuagan Municipality 234.20 4 partly urban 10,183 43.48
Pasil Municipality 189.00 5 rural 10,084 53.35
Tanudan Municipality 307.55 4 rural 8,119 26.40

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