Iba is a philippine municipality in the province Zambales in Region III Central Luzon which belongs to the Luzon group of islands. The municipality Iba is seated about 138 km north-west of Philippine main capital Manila.
Iba is the capital municipality of the province of Zambales. According to the 2010 census, it is presently populated by 46, 761 people. It is the second largest provincial capital in Central Luzon, next to Tarlac.
The municipality of Iba is bounded by other Zambales municipalities: Palauig on the north and Botolan on the south. The province of Tarlac is located on Iba’s east, while the South China Sea could be found on its west. The eastern portion of the municipality is geographically bounded by the Zambales Mountains on its eastern portion. Iba’s total land area is 154 square kilometers.
Due to its continuous development and adaptation to urban features and facilities, the government of Iba is pushing for its cityhood soon. Considered presently as one of the centers of trade and commerce in the whole province of Zambales, more and more people are deciding to settle in Iba for good because of the convenient access to the traders and increasing malls and marketplaces in the center of the municipality. Because of this, there are many job opportunities offered and it is now one of the centers of employment in the province.
Just like its neighboring municipalities and provinces, the main religion in Iba is Roman Catholicism. The Cathedral of Iba or locally called the Cathedral of Saint Augustine, is the seat of Roman Catholic Diocese, where the Bishop of Zambales stays. Also, the seat of Ecclesiastical District of Zambales North is located in the municipality too, making Iglesia Ni Cristo be the second largest practiced faith in the municipality. There are also other Protestant minorities in the town.
Iba is exposed to the climate no different from the rest of the country. The rainy or wet season begins in June and ends in September. The municipality experiences summer during October to May, when many tourists are flocking to their local treasure—the white sand beaches.
One of the major industries in Iba is tourism. The municipality is one of the popular destinations for vacationists due to the fine and white sand its beaches have. The sunset, viewed from the beaches of Iba, is one of the must sees when in town. Relatively near to Manila than other white sand beaches, tourists opt to go here instead. Numerous beach resorts are welcoming thousands of foreign and local guests, especially during the summer.
In time for harvest and the huge influx of tourists in the town is the Mango Festival. Held every April each year, the locals of Iba, Zambales celebrate the year’s bountiful harvest of mangoes and other fruits and crops the province is known for. The event is their way of thanksgiving and at the same time promoting their local mango industry.
Another activity in Iba in the summertime is the Paynauen Festival. It is a celebration of the local traditional art and culture, which lasts for seven days. The people of Iba showcase their culture through street dancing, sport events, singing competitions, carabao racing, kite flying and sand castle building. The government also houses the display of their local artists’ masterpieces and artworks.
Iba has also its very own airport. Although small aircrafts are the only ones allowed to land in their 3,000 feet runway, which is located along their coastline.
Administratively the Municipality of Iba is subdivided into 14 barangays. 6 compose the center of the city wheras the other 8 are in the outlying areas. Some of them are even several kilometers away from the center of the Municipality. The most populous are Zone 3 Pob. (Botlay), Zone 4 Pob. (Sagapan), Zone 6 Pob. (Baytan), Zone 2 Pob. (Aypa), Zone 5 Pob. (Bano), Zone 1 Pob. (Libaba), Lipay-Dingin-Panibuatan, Dirita-Baloguen, Santa Barbara, Santo Rosario, Bangantalinga, San Agustin, Amungan, Palanginan (Palanguinan-Tambak).
Among the bigger cities and municipalities in the neighborhood of Iba there are City Of Tarlac (Tarlac) 66 km east-north-east, Olongapo City 63 km south-south-east, San Carlos City (Pangasinan) 78 km north-north-east, City Of San Fernando (Pampanga) 84 km east-south-east, Mabalacat (Pampanga) 65 km east, Angeles City (Pampanga) 67 km east-south-east, Concepcion (Tarlac) 76 km east, Dagupan City (Pangasinan) 89 km north-north-east, Hagonoy (Bulacan) 97 km south-east as well as 84 km east-south-east of Iba the municipality Mexico (Pampanga).