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Cordillera Administrative Region
Island Group Luzon
Area 18,294.00 km²
- Total 1,520,743
- Density/km² 83.13
Provinces 6
Cities 2
Municipalities 75
Barangays 1,176
Location in the Philippines:

Cordillera Administrative Region

The Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) was established on July 15, 1987 through executive Order No. 220 issued by President Corazon Aquino. It is the only land-locked region of the Philippines. The region consists of the provinces of Abra, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mountain Province and Apayao. The regional center is Baguio City.

Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) is located in the north-central part of Luzon and encompasses most of the areas within the Cordillera Central mountain range of Luzon. It is bounded by Ilocos Norte and Cagayan in the north, Pangasinan and Nueva Viscaya in the south, Cagayan Valley in the east, and the Ilocos region in the west. The region is dubbed as the “Watershed Cradle of North Luzon” because it hosts 9 major rivers that provide continuous water for irrigation and energy for northern Luzon.

The region is rich in natural resources and has abundant mineral reserves. Gold, copper, silver, zinc, are among the metallic ores that can be found in the region. Non-metallic reserves include sand, gravel and sulfur. Although mineral reserves are found all over the province, mining is concentrated in Benguet. Great majority of Cordillera’s population engaged in farming and small-scale production.

Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) is rich in ancient culture. It is the home of the indigenous tribe called Igorot. The way of life of the people in this region existed way back to ancient Filipinos before the Spanish colonization. Cordillera also has various festivals, these includes the Panagbenga or Baguio Flower Festival celebrated every February. The festival highlights are the flower exhibits, garden tours, floral competition and parade of floats. Other festivals in the region include the Ulalim Festival in Kalinga, Lang-ay Festival in Mountain Province, Banaue Imbayah Festival and the Tabuk Matagoan Festival.

Cordillera is one of the prime tourist destinations in the Philippines. It has many spectacular scenic views and enchanting cool places. Baguio City is the summer capital of the Philippines. The world-famous Banaue Rice Terraces in the province of Ifugao is considered as the “Eighth Wonder of the World”. This structure of about 2000 to 6000 years old is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Other tourists’ attractions of the region include the Sumaguing Cave in Sagada and the mummy caves in Benguet and Mt. Province. There are four National Parks in the region: Cassamata Hill, Mount Pulag which is the highest mountain in Luzon, Mount Data and Balbalasang-Balbalan.

The most populous cities and municipalities in Cordillera Administrative Region are:

City/Municipality Province Area
in km²
Baguio City Benguet 57.51 301,926 5,249.97
La Trinidad Benguet 70.04 97,810 1,396.49
City Of Tabuk Kalinga 700.25 87,912 125.54
Itogon Benguet 449.73 48,778 108.46
Bangued Abra 105.70 46,179 436.89
Tuba Benguet 295.97 40,008 135.18
Mankayan Benguet 130.48 34,563 264.89
Buguias Benguet 175.88 34,507 196.20
Bauko Mountain Province 153.00 29,382 192.04
Pinukpuk Kalinga 743.56 27,783 37.36

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