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Central Visayas
Region VII
Island Group Visayas
Area 15,875.00 km²
- Total 6,398,628
- Density/km² 403.06
Provinces 4
Cities 16
Municipalities 116
Barangays 3,003
Location in the Philippines:

Central Visayas

Located in the central part of the Visayas group of islands, Central Visayas is otherwise known as Region VII. It consists of the islands of Cebu, Bohol, Negros Oriental and Siquijor. Its borders are the Visayan Sea and the province of Masbate in the north, Mindanao Sea in the south, Negros Occidental in the west and the island of Leyte in the east. Central Visayas has 3 independent cities and 13 component cities. Cebu City is the regional center. Urbanization is highest in Cebu and lowest in Siquijor.

Central Visayas is predominantly inhabited by an ethno linguistic group known as Cebuanos. Cebuano is the language widely spoken in all provinces in the region. The region Central Visayas has no definite climate. It has a short dry season from March to May and the rest of the year is relatively wet.

Central Visayas has limited land used for farming purposes as compared to other regions. Its major crops are sugar, coconut, rice, corn, tobacco and root crops. The mangoes of Cebu are also famous for its sweetness and size. Mangoes are harvested all year round and are exported to other countries. The waters surrounding the island provinces of the region are well-known fishing grounds.

One of the largest revenue sources of Central Visayas is its abundant mineral resources. These include silver, manganese, copper, gold, limestone, clay, silica and coal. Other sources of revenue are manufacturing, wholesale and retail trade and services. Manufacturing firms include mining companies, fertilizer plants, sugar central, rice and corn mills and other processing plants. The food industry is alive and well in the region; assortment of biscuits and bread, chicharon and other food items are produced in the region.

Central Visayas has international airports and several excellent ports. Cebu is the center of commerce in the southern part of the Philippines. This is one reason why the Mactan International Airport was constructed. There are also airports in Dumaguete and in Tagbilaran City. Colorful jeepneys and buses are the major forms of public transport in all provinces in the region.

Tourism plays a big part in the economic development of Central Visayas. Tourists flock in the region to see the exotic beauty of the countryside and experience the hospitality of the Visayans. Among the popular destinations in the region are the Shrine of Magellanís Cross in Cebu and the pride of Bohol which is the Chocolate Hills.

The most populous cities and municipalities in Central Visayas are:

City/Municipality Province Area
in km²
Cebu City Cebu 315.00 798,809 2,535.90
Mandaue City Cebu 25.18 318,575 12,651.91
Lapu-lapu City (Opon) Cebu 58.10 292,530 5,034.94
City Of Talisay Cebu 39.87 179,359 4,498.60
Toledo City Cebu 216.28 152,960 707.23
Dumaguete City Negros Oriental 33.62 116,392 3,461.99
City Of Bayawan (Tulong) Negros Oriental 699.08 110,250 157.71
Danao City Cebu 107.30 109,354 1,019.14
Minglanilla Cebu 65.60 101,585 1,548.55
City Of Carcar Cebu 116.78 100,632 861.72

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