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Island Group Visayas
Region Western Visayas
Province Negros Occidental
Area 520.00 km²
Barangays 25
PSGC 064507000
ZIP 6112
- Total 93,569
- Density/km² 179.94
Income class 1
Urbanisation partly urban
Location in the Philippines:


Cauayan is a 1st class Philippine municipality located in the province of Negros Occidental in Western Visayas Region or Region VI which belongs to the Visayas group of islands. The municipality of Cauayan is seated about 85 km south southwest of Bacolod City, the provincial capital and about 543 km south southeast of Manila, the Philippine capital.

Cauayan is classified as partly urban and is politically subdivided into 25 barangays which are categorized into coastal and upland barangays. It occupies a total land area of 520 km² and by the end of 2007; Cauayan is home to 93,569 residents. Thus by average, 179.94 people are living on one square kilometer of the municipality.

The Municipality of Cauayan got its name from the local word Kawayan which refers to bamboo thickets that covered the town when the Spaniards came to Negros. The municipality was formally founded by Don Vicente Paulo Decena in 1822. He was lured to Cauayan by the legendary beauty of a native girl who subsequently became his wife. Cauayan became a full pledge municipality on October 16, 1951.

This Philippine municipality can be reached in approximately 3.5 hours from Bacolod City by public transport and about 3 hours by private car. Air conditioned and non-conditioned buses are available at Bacolod City South Terminal.

The Municipality of Cauayan is home to the famous Punta Bulata White Beach Resort, an AA resort accredited by the Department of Tourism. This resort also serves as jump off point to Danjugan Island Marine Reserve and Wildlife Sanctuary which is an excellent site for scuba diving, snorkeling, kayaking and bird watching.

Travelers can stop over Punta Sojoton lighthouse and viewing deck and have some coffee or softdrinks while enjoying the scenic coastline of Cauayan overlooking the Sulu Sea. Other attractions in the town are the Suha Cave located in Sitio Suha, Barangay Camalandaan and the Hulao-Hulao Reef situated in Barangay Caliling.

Every year, Cauayan celebrates the Lubay-Lubay Festival as a thanksgiving for the bountiful harvest as dancers move to the beat of bamboo poles and sticks. This festival portrays and preserves the early culture of Cauayanons and also to foster the spirit of unity and camaraderie among its people.

Administratively the Municipality of Cauayan is subdivided into 25 barangays. One forms the center of the city wheras the other 24 are in the outlying areas. Some of them are even several kilometers away from the center of the Municipality. The most populous are Sura, Baclao, Tambad, Tomina, Lumbia, Elihan, Molobolo, Abaca, Camindangan, Yao-yao, Man-Uling, Basak, Tiling, Talacdan, Linaon.

Among the bigger cities and muni­ci­pa­li­ties in the neigh­bor­hood of Cauayan there are San Carlos City 90 km north-east, City Of Kabankalan 20 km east, Bacolod City 85 km north-north-east, Silay City 99 km north-north-east, Iloilo City (Iloilo) 80 km north, Bago City 66 km north-north-east, City Of Guihulngan (Negros Oriental) 72 km east-north-east, Hinigaran 41 km north-east, City Of Talisay 93 km north-north-east as well as 30 km east-north-east of Cauayan the municipality City Of Himamaylan.

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