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Island Group Mindanao
Region Northern Mindanao
Capital City Of Malaybalay
Area 10,498.59 km²
Cities 2
Municipalities 20
- Total 1,190,284
- Density/km² 113.38
Income class 1
Location in the Philippines:


Bukidnon is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. The province is considered by many to be the food basket of Mindanao because it is the major producer of rice and corn in the region and has vast plantations of pineapples, bananas and sugarcane. Bukidnon is subdivided into 20 municipalities and 2 cities. Malaybalay City, the provincial capital, is about 850 kilometers by air from Manila and 91 kilometers by road from Cagayan de Oro City.

The province has two important landmarks, Mt. Kitanglad and Pulangi River. Mt. Kitanglad is 2,955 meters above sea level while the Pulangi River traverses through the northeastern and southeastern part of the province towards the Rio Grande of Mindanao.

Bukidnon is known as the watershed of Mindanao. It is endowed with six major river systems. These are the Pulangi, Tagoloan, Cagayan, Manupali, Muleta, and Bobonawan Rivers. These rivers carved the landscape of the province creating numerous canyons.

Two types of climate prevail in the northern and southern sections of Bukidnon. The northern part has no pronounced rain period but relatively dry during the months of November to May. The southern part of the province, however, has no dry season. The driest area is Baungon, while the wettest is the Calabugao plain. The climate is relatively cool and humid throughout the year.

The major language spoken in the province is Cebuano which is used by about 77.92% of the total household in the province. It is followed by Binukid (Bukidnon) with 8.86% and Hiligaynon or Ilonggo with 8.17%. Ilocano, Tagalog, Maranao, Waray, Ivatan, Tausug and Pampango are also spoken but at low percentage. English is the medium of instruction in most schools in the province.

Bukidnon is an agricultural province. Large firms are operating in the province for production and processing of its agricultural products. Del Monte Philippines, Inc. (DMPI), Lapanday Diversified Products Corp. and Mt. Kitanglad Agri-Ventures Corporation are engaged in pineapple production. Dole Philippines and Mt. Kitanglad Agri-Ventures, Inc. are into banana production while the Bukidnon Sugar Milling Corporation (BUSCO) and Crystal Sugar Milling are into sugar milling and refining.

Kaamulan Festival, an ethnic cultural festival, is held annually in Malaybalay City from mid-February up to March 10 which is the founding date of Bukidnon as a province in 1917. The festival is held to celebrate the culture and tradition of the seven ethnic tribal groups that originally inhabit the province. Kaamulan comes from the Binukid word “amul” meaning to gather. Kaamulan is gathering for a purpose – a datuship ritual, a wedding ceremony, a thanksgiving festival during harvest time, a peace pact, or all of these together. The festival started in 1974 and is celebrated until now.

The most populous cities and municipalities in Bukidnon are:

City/Municipality City class Area
in km²
Urbanisation Population
Total Density/km²
City Of Valencia Component City 587.29 2 partly urban 162,745 277.11
City Of Malaybalay Component City 969.19 1 partly urban 144,065 148.64
Quezon Municipality 626.86 1 partly urban 91,119 145.36
Maramag Municipality 447.26 1 partly urban 85,647 191.49
Manolo Fortich Municipality 413.60 1 partly urban 82,051 198.38
Don Carlos Municipality 213.72 1 partly urban 60,870 284.81
Talakag Municipality 786.40 1 partly urban 53,316 67.80
Lantapan Municipality 328.35 1 partly urban 51,406 156.56
Pangantucan Municipality 461.72 1 partly urban 46,689 101.12
San Fernando Municipality 705.06 1 partly urban 44,595 63.25

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