Binalbagan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Negros Occidental located in Region VI or Western Visayas region and belonging to the Visayas group of islands. It is situated 62 kilometers south of Bacolod City, the provincial capital. Travel time from Bacolod City is approximately 1 ½ hour via public transport and 1 hour by private vehicle.
Binalbagan is classified as partly urban and is politically subdivided into 16 barangays. Seven of which are rural while nine are urban barangays. It has three barangays which are located along the coastline.
Administratively the Municipality of Binalbagan is subdivided into 16 barangays. 9 compose the center of the city wheras the other 7 are in the outlying areas. Some of them are even several kilometers away from the center of the Municipality. The most populous are San Juan (Pob.), Marina (Pob.), San Teodoro (Pob.), Bagroy, Amontay, San Vicente (Pob.), Santo Rosario (Pob.), Paglaum (Pob.), Progreso (Pob.), San Pedro (Pob.), Canmoros (Pob.), San Jose, Santol, Enclaro, Bi-ao.
Among the bigger cities and municipalities in the neighborhood of Binalbagan there are Iloilo City (Iloilo) 64 km north-west, Toledo City (Cebu) 90 km east-north-east, Bago City 37 km north, City Of Kabankalan 23 km south, Cadiz City 97 km north-north-east, Bacolod City 54 km north, City Of Bayawan (Tulong) (Negros Oriental) 76 km south-south-west, City Of Himamaylan 10 km south, San Carlos City 56 km east-north-east as well as 100 km north-east of Binalbagan the municipality Sagay City.