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Island Group Luzon
Region Cordillera Administrative Region
Capital La Trinidad
Area 2,826.59 km²
Cities 1
Municipalities 13
- Total 372,533
- Density/km² 131.80
Income class 2
Location in the Philippines:


Benguet is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) in Luzon. The province is subdivided into 13 municipalities and 1 city. La Trinidad is the provincial capital. Baguio City, a popular tourist destination in the country, is located in the interior of the province. It used to be a part of Benguet but became independent when its charter was enacted in 1909.

Benguet is the homeland of several tribes, collectively referred to as the Igorot. Two of the dominant tribes in Benguet are the Ibaloi in the southeast and the Kankana-ey in the northwest. About 43% of the populations are Kankana-ey, 29.2 are Ibaloi and 13.4% are Ilocano. Other ethnic groups included Ikalahan with 3.7% and Tagalog with 2.4%.

Most of the tribes in Benguet have their own languages. The Ibaloi tribe speaks Ibaloy, which is similar to Pangasinan and Kankana-ey has a language which is related to the Bontoc language. Many inhabitants also speak Ilokano, Tagalog, and English for education, trade and commerce.

Agriculture, mining and tourism are the major industries in Benguet. Because of its temperate climate and high altitude, the province is an ideal place for producing vegetables. Benguet is often called the Salad Bowl of the Philippines. Major crops include potatoes, baguio beans, peas, strawberries, cabbage, lettuce and carrots. Other agricultural-related activities are monggo processing, fruit preservation, peanut brittle manufacturing, broom making, basket weaving and flower growing. Mining is another major industry in Benguet. The province is one of the country’s leading gold producers. Other mineral deposits are silver, copper, pyrite, and limestone.

While Baguio City is not officially part of Benguet, its location provides additional income in form of tourism for the province. It also draws a large number of tourists from the lowlands. Often, people who go to Baguio also explore the province. Some interesting places are the Kennon Road, Binga Hydroelectric Plant, strawberry and flower farms in La Trinidad, the Ambuklao Dam in Bokod, and the Palina and Naguey rice terraces in Atok.

Aside from these, Tuba and Tublay hotsprings are usually flock by local tourists from neighboring provinces. A good view of vegetable terraces can be observed when travelling the Halsema highway, especially during the growing stages of vegetables.

The most populous cities and municipalities in Benguet are:

City/Municipality City class Area
in km²
Urbanisation Population
Total Density/km²
Baguio City Highly Urbanized City 57.51 1 urban 301,926 5,249.97
La Trinidad Municipality 70.04 1 partly urban 97,810 1,396.49
Itogon Municipality 449.73 1 partly urban 48,778 108.46
Tuba Municipality 295.97 1 partly urban 40,008 135.18
Mankayan Municipality 130.48 1 partly urban 34,563 264.89
Buguias Municipality 175.88 3 rural 34,507 196.20
Atok Municipality 214.99 4 partly urban 19,253 89.55
Kapangan Municipality 164.39 4 rural 18,221 110.84
Kibungan Municipality 254.86 4 partly urban 15,700 61.60
Tublay Municipality 102.55 5 partly urban 15,096 147.21

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