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Island Group Luzon
Region Cordillera Administrative Region
Capital Bangued
Area 4,165.25 km²
Cities 0
Municipalities 27
- Total 230,953
- Density/km² 55.45
Income class 3
Location in the Philippines:


Abra is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. The province is enclosed by the towering mountain ranges of the Ilocos in the west and the Cordillera Central in the east. It has an extremely rugged terrain, with mountains and hills rising along its perimeter and interior.

Abra is composed of 27 municipalities and 304 barangays. The municipality of Bangued is the provincial capital. The province is bounded by Ilocos Norte and Apayao in the north; Ilocos Sur and Mountain Province in the south; Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur in the west; and Kalinga and Apayao in the east.

The inhabitants of Abra are mostly descendants of Ilocano settlers and members of the Tingguian tribe. However, due to frequent intermarriages between the two cultures, many Ilocanos today are Christianize Tingguians. Although many have embraced Catholicism, some Abrans still believe in ancient and supernatural spirits.

The majority of the population of the province is Ilocano with 71.9%. Other ethnic groups living in the province are the Tingguian which is about 18.7%; the Ibanag with 4.5%; Itneg with 3.2% and Tagalog with 0.4%. The predominant languages in the province are Ilocano and Itneg.

Abra’s economy is agriculture-based. Its major crops are rice, corn and root crops. Commercial products are coffee, tobacco and coconut while the extensive grassland and pasture areas are used for livestock production. Cottage industry is also a major source of livelihood for the people of the province. About 743 cottage industries exist in Abra, of which 208 are registered with the Department of Trade and Industry. About 59% are engaged in bamboo and rattan craft making which are both leading industries in the province.

When you are in Abra, you get a good view of mountains and hills rising along its perimeter and interiors, and the plains whose water irrigation system drain out to Abra River. In Abra, you can see the sights of amazing and impressive stalagmites at the Libtec Underground River and Sibud-Sibud cave. Tourists can also participate in the annual festivals of the province like the Arya Abra Festival, held on the first week of March, which commemorates the founding anniversary of the province. Also, one can experience the feature songs and dances of the Tingguian ethnic tribe in the Tingguian Festival.

The most populous cities and municipalities in Abra are:

City/Municipality City class Area
in km²
Urbanisation Population
Total Density/km²
Bangued Municipality 105.70 1 partly urban 46,179 436.89
Bucay Municipality 102.16 5 partly urban 16,266 159.22
La Paz Municipality 51.41 5 partly urban 14,658 285.12
Lagangilang Municipality 101.44 5 partly urban 13,490 132.99
Tayum Municipality 61.14 5 partly urban 13,360 218.51
Pidigan Municipality 49.15 5 partly urban 11,280 229.50
Dolores Municipality 47.45 5 partly urban 10,787 227.33
Manabo Municipality 110.95 5 partly urban 10,538 94.98
Pilar Municipality 66.10 5 partly urban 9,792 148.14
San Juan Municipality 64.08 5 partly urban 9,714 151.59

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